Aguinis, H., & Kraiger, K.
Annual Review of Psychology, Vol. 60
This article provides a review of the training and development literature since the year 2000. We review the literature focusing on the benefits of training and development for individuals and teams, organizations, and society. Our review, which adopts a multi-disciplinary, multi-level, and global perspective, demonstrates that training and development activities in work organizations can produce important benefits for each of these stakeholders. We also review the literature on needs assessment and pre-training states, training design and delivery, training evaluation, and transfer of training to identify the conditions under which the benefits of training and development are maximized. Finally, we also identify research gaps and offer directions for future research.